Having failed to dislodge President Nicols Maduro, the opponent is openly talking of a takeover but mutual benefit links the military forces with the ruling party
Now that anti-government protests in Venezuela ought to have crushed and President Nicolas Maduro has consolidated his power through questionable electoral maneuvers and a crackdown on democratic freedoms, some opposition leaders and international pundits have raised the possibility of a coup d’etat as the only realistic route to bring about government change.
Julio Borges, head of the opposition-controlled congress, has called on the military forces to” break its silence”, adding that” the immense majority of officers are against the chaos that is taking hold in Venezuela “.
Writing in the Washington Post, law professor Ozan Varol proclaimed:” The Venezuelan military is the levee that’s keeping the democratic movement at bay to safeguard the Maduro regime. Only if the military forces shatters can the river of republic hop the banks .”
But many political analysts say a coup is unlikely due to a developing and mutually beneficial confederation between the Maduro government and the military. Amid the country’s worst economic crisis in modern history and polls showing that the vast majority of Venezuelans crave the president to go, they say the armed forces have helped keep Maduro in agency in exchange for a developing list of economic perks.
Ricardo Sucre, a military expert and former naval policeman, says that ever since Hugo Chavez ushered in Venezuela’s socialist revolution in 1999, the government has promoted a so-called civic-military union in which troops and officers involve themselves in all aspects of national developing.
A one-time legion paratrooper, Chavez remained deeply to participate in military affairs during his 14 years in power, weighing in on everything from advertisings to the color of uniforms.
Maduro- a former bus driver and union president- has no ties to the armed forces yet the civic-military partnership has deepened since he was elected president in 2013 following Chavez’s death from cancer.
For one thing, the ruling Socialist party was largely organized around Chavez. Under Maduro, the party has lacked arrangement and leadership and the armed forces have filled the power vacuum, says Rafael Uzcategui, who directs the Caracas human rights group Provea.
And amid rising unrest Maduro now relies on the armed forces to protect him by putting down street protests, says Phil Gunson, who is based in Caracas for the International Crisis Group.
However, Gunson adds:” The military also requires Maduro because they would rather not rule themselves. They don’t want a uniformed general in the presidency because it looks bad and is various kinds of out of manner. So, Maduro is a good front man. He stimulates life good for them. If you are a general and play by the rules you can make a lot of money .”