Sorry, Elon .

Image: Jose Sanchez/ AP/ REX/ Shutterstock

Whos winning the race to bring self-driving cars to the masses?

Sorry Elon, a new report doesnt even have Tesla in its top 10 instead, automobile industry stalwart Ford finished first.

Navigant Researchranked 18 musicians in the self-driving game, ranked on a determine of ten criteria identified by the firm. It’s an inexact science, especially with intangible conceptions like “vision” and “staying power” included for consideration.

Ford went away with the top spot because of its superior ability to execute on a “fully realized strategy, ” i.e ., controlling the means to actually fabrication cars, according to a blog post that followed the report. That reasoning extended to the other corporations resulting the ranking, as traditional automakers GM, the Renault-Nissan Alliance, Daimler, and Volkswagen Group rounded out the top five spots.

Here’s a look at the top 10 😛 TAGEND

1. Ford

2. GM

3. Renault-Nissan Alliance

4. Daimler

5. Volkswagen Group

6. BMW

7. Waymo

7. Volvo/ Autoliv/ Zenuity

9. Delphi

10. Hyundai Motor Group

Ford has arguably constructed the most interference from traditional automakers of late, which likely pushed it to the top of the group. The “mobility company” famously pledged to have a amply autonomous system ready for mass production by 2021, and has stayed in the headlines with improvements to its Fusion prototype and acquisitions, most notably its $ 1 billion investment in the fledgling startup Argo AI.

Ford was quick is in response to its favorable place in the study. Raj Nair, Ford’s executive VP of product development and CTO wrote a lengthy Medium post about the top ranking, touting the company’s autonomous strategy and capacity to invent vehicles to actually throw its self-driving system on the streets.

No love for the new blood

Waymo was the first non-automaker in the rolling, coming in at number six. Navigant called out the Alphabet spin-off and its peers for “putting the mare before the cart, ” claiming they’ll need to invest “billions more to develop and fabrication vehicles or find an automaker spouse willing to supply cars.”

That’s fair but it’s likewise not even close to the strategy many of the non-automakers in the space appear to be following. Players like Intel and Nvidia have recently constructed massive investments in self-driving development projects, with no clear route to manufacturing any vehicles of their own. Instead, the tech corporations will focus on generating independent autonomous platforms, which could be massively successful if they demonstrate more effective than in-house developed systems.

Also notably stiffed from the top 10: Tesla. The Elon Musk-fronted electric automaker is arguably the closest company to having self-driving cars on the road. Its HW2-equipped vehicles, which are already in consumers’ driveways, supposedly have the means for Level 5 sovereignty once a series of over-the-air( OTA) software updates for its Autopilot system are installed. A amply self-driving demo is also scheduled to take place by the end of 2017.

But Navigant Research constructed its position clear: what matters most in the race for sovereignty is the good old-fashioned means of production. Time will tell if that will hold true, or if the future of mobility will be changed by unforeseen innovations hidden around the bend.

WATCH: I tried a self-driving vehicle in London and lived to tell the tale

Read more: http :// mashable.com/ 2017/04/ 03/ ford-tops-self-driving-study /~ ATAGEND